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NORTHERN INDIA PLAINS: 1st UNINHABITABILE PLACE IN INDIA AFTER 20 YEARS

By- Manjot Kaur

North India is reeling under a wave of severe air pollution accompanied with smog as at least 12 cities on Thursday recorded an air quality index (AQI) of 400 and above, falling in the severe category -India News

12 cities in north India reeling under severe AQI(Representative Image/ANI) North India is reeling under a wave of severe air pollution accompanied with smog as at…www.indiatoday.in

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Northern Plain:

India is a vast country with varied landforms. The northern plain has been formed by the interplay of the three major river systems, namely– the Indus, the Ganga, and the Brahmaputra along with their tributaries. This plain is formed of alluvial soil. The deposition of alluvium in a vast basin lying at the foothills of the Himalayas over millions of years formed this fertile plain. It spreads over an area of 7 lakh sq. km. The plain being about 2400 Km long and 240 to 320 Km broad, is a densely populated physiographic division. With a rich soil cover combined with an adequate water supply and favorable climate it is agriculturally a very productive part of India.

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Air pollution — death by a thousand coughs

“We’re running the most dangerous experiment in history right now, which is to see how much carbon dioxide the atmosphere… can handle before there is an environmental catastrophe.” — Elon Musk

We can survive for some time without food, for hours without water but we cannot survive even for a few minutes without air. This simple fact tells us how important clean air is to us.

We all are aware about the poor condition of the air in the northern states of India. The atmospheric air is highly deteriorated.

According to the,Air pollution kills a child every 3 minutes in IndiaRajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar recorded the highest rate of child mortality due to toxic air: Global Burden of…www.downtoearth.org.in

In every three minutes a child dies in India because of inhaling toxic pollutants in the air.

I was traveling Patiala to Delhi on 31st Oct 2019 to my cousin’s place. Actually, going there after Diwali was not a good idea because the scenario was so disturbing. Delhi was fully covered by the smog (SMOG=SMOKE +FOG), visibility was so inferior. The situation was so terrible that I was feeling suffocated and breathless, my eyes were aching. Masses were seen wearing masks. Delhi government orders schools to remain shut till November 5 due to the toxic air.

All Delhi schools to remain closed till November 5 due to increased air pollutionDelhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal on Friday announced that all schools in the national capital will remain closed…www.indiatoday.in

National Capital or Suicidal Capital

Winter is coming and Delhi is becoming a “Gas Chamber”. The air quality index crosses all its limits. Delhi is known as the industrial hub now it became a pollution hub; Industries are responsible for the release of toxic gases in the air.

Delhi is highly populated and highly dense region; therefore, numbers of vehicle’s emission is contributing in the hazardous effects of air pollution and smog.

Despite there being a ban on cracker sales but firecrackers were a common sight on this Diwali, it definitely contributed to build up.

Due to the winter season, pollutants in the air become unable to move due to the stagnant winds. These pollutants get locked in the air and affect weather conditions, resulting in smog.

This toxic air is causing breathlessness, wheeziness, severe coughing, eye irritation and choking the lungs of mankind.

Day by day it is becoming menace and threatening the lives of the masses. And the survival of the upcoming generations is seeming to be impossible.

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Stubble burning- Punjab Haryana’s killer fields

Farmers all over the world for centuries have been growing rice/wheat. In the modern era, farmers all around the world are doing mechanized farming while the farmers of Punjab and Haryana are facing the problem of the management of rice stubble because they are unable to find the labor to collect and store the crop waste. When Rice harvesting is done, the combine harvester leaves all the rice straws on the field. The time available for growing of wheat is very short and the machines made by the government to collect the stubble are not economically available for farmers. In the absence of assured returns, they only have a way of burning rice stubble.

Punjab and Haryana majorly cultivate paddy and wheat. Wind flows from Punjab, Haryana to Delhi side. So, when they burn stubble, its smoke came across to the Delhi side. As we know, Delhi is already highly polluted due to industrial and vehicle emissions, in that case, stubble burning increases the level of pollution at a disastrous level.

Along with the smog and air pollution, stubble burning destroys the nutrients of the soil, it kills microorganisms present in the upper layer of the soil. Which damages the organic quality due to the loss of the friendly pests.

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Many severe health issues occur which are threatening human lives. Research says that pollution decreases the lifespan of living beings by nearly two years. Air pollution reduces global life expectancy by more than one yearAir pollution shortens human lives by more than a year, according to a new study from a team of leading environmental…www.sciencedaily.com

Not only people are losing their life by getting air pollution diseases, but they are also dying in road accidents. Smog increases the percentage of road accidents. Due to smog, visibility is so poor that it became difficult for people to get out of their houses.

Procrastination won’t help the next generation

“We all moan and groan about the loss of the quality of life through the destruction of our ecology, and yet every one of us, in our own little comfortable ways, contributes daily to that destruction. It’s time now to awaken in each one of us the respect and attention our beloved Mother deserves.” — Ed Asner

Today what is happening to our environment and the consequences we are facing all are responsible for that. The situation is becoming bad to worse. Poor environment, illness this is what we are giving to the posterity.

We must be guilty what we have done and our future generation will not be going to forgive us for making their land uninhabitable.

So, it is better to get serious about this because now it’s a do or die situation for all of us.

“We shall require a substantially new manner of thinking if mankind is to survive.” — Albert Einstein